Reference Materials

  1. Appendices contain supplementary or illustrative material or explanatory data too lengthy to be included in the text or not immediately essential to the reader’s understanding of the text.
  2. If there is only one appendix, the heading Appendix should be used. If more than one appendix is needed, the appendices may be divided into Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. Each appendix must begin at the top of a new page. The heading for each appendix is centered without punctuation 1 inch from the top edge of the first page, followed by the title of the appendix. 
  3. Each appendix should be listed with its title in the Table of Contents (e.g., Appendix A. Title of the Appendix) and should appear as a bookmark leading to the appropriate point in the body of the text. For more information on creating bookmarks in PDF files, consult the online PDF training guide or ask for assistance at a Campus Computing Lab.
  4. Tables and figures in the appendices should be numbered, captioned, listed in the List of Tables and List of Figures, and bookmarked appropriately. The numbering may continue the series in the body of the material (e.g., Table 14, Figure 16, etc.), or a separate numbering sequence (e.g., Table A1, Figure A3, etc.) may be used.
  5. Materials not in electronic files, such as audio or videotapes, or color print materials significant to the thesis or dissertation, should be scanned or digitized so that they may be submitted and displayed electronically. These files may be included as supplementary files if desired.
  1. Any books, articles, websites or other sources that have been read and used, either in direct quotation or by reference, must be listed in a Bibliography.
  2. The heading Bibliography should appear on the first page of the Bibliography itself, centered 1 inch from the top edge of the page. The actual listing of sources begins at the left margin four spaces below the heading.
  3. The style manuals recommended in the Introduction indicate appropriate formats for bibliographies. Individual departments, schools, or disciplines may have particular formats the student should follow.
  4. The Bibliography continues the page numbering sequence that began with the Introduction. The last page of the Bibliography is normally the final page of the thesis or dissertation (unless an Index is made, in which case the page numbering continues through to the last page of the Index).
The Index

An Index to dissertations and theses is encouraged in fields in which it is usual and appropriate. School or departmental regulations will specify when an Index is required.