Document Preparation

  • All theses and dissertations must follow the requirements outlined in this manual. Any deviations from the forms outlined in this manual must be approved in writing by the appropriate office in the school or department before the document is prepared in final form.  
  • Text must be set in 10 points or larger type size and of a fully legible font. Script fonts are not acceptable. Prior to final submission of theses or dissertations, students are advised to consult the appropriate office in their school or department to determine whether their files will meet University standards of legibility and accessibility.
  • Each page must be numbered, with the exception of the Title Page, which counts as page i, but does not show a number. 
  • The preliminary pages—including the Committee Membership Page, the Copyright Page, the Abstract, the Table of Contents, lists of tables and figures, and the Preface—should be numbered with small Roman numerals (ii, iii, iv, etc.) centered 0.5” (one-half inch) from the bottom edge of the page. Preliminary pagination begins with ii; the Title Page counts as i, but the number does not appear. 
  • All remaining pages–including text, figures, appendices, and bibliography–carry consecutive Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.). The page number should be centered 0.5” from the bottom edge of the page. No punctuation is used with page numbers.
  • The top, bottom, left, and right margins should be 1". Tables and figures use the same margins as text. The student’s school or department must give written approval for exceptions to margin size. 
  • Bad line breaks must be avoided. A subheading at the bottom of a page should be followed by at least two full lines of type. If space does not permit two lines plus a 1” margin, the subheading should begin the next page. Similarly, a new paragraph toward the bottom of a page should run for at least two lines or be started on the next page. The final few words of a paragraph should not be continued on the next page. At least two full lines of type are required to continue a paragraph on the next page.
  • The text of the document may be double-spaced or one-and-one-half spaced with the exception of long quotations, footnotes, bibliographical references, and the index, which may be single-spaced.
  • When “centering” a heading, title, or other element, the material is to be centered between the left and right margins.
Footnotes and bibliography
  • Citation forms may vary among disciplines, but whichever form is adopted should be used consistently. Style manuals from specific professional associations or journals will usually provide the appropriate format. If none is specified, the student should use a format recommended and illustrated in the style manual of their discipline. 
  • Footnotes may appear either on the page on which they are cited or at the conclusion of the manuscript, depending on the practice of the discipline or department. If no format is specified, either style is acceptable, but same page citation is a particular convenience to readers of electronic documents. 
  • Depending on the requirements specified in the style manual preferred by the school or department, theses and dissertations may or may not have a footnote section. However, all theses and dissertations will have a Bibliography.